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Delaying decorator

الأهمية: 5

Create a decorator delay(f, ms) that delays each call of f by ms milliseconds.

For instance:

function f(x) {
  alert(x);
}

// create wrappers
let f1000 = delay(f, 1000);
let f1500 = delay(f, 1500);

f1000("test"); // shows "test" after 1000ms
f1500("test"); // shows "test" after 1500ms

In other words, delay(f, ms) returns a "delayed by ms" variant of f.

In the code above, f is a function of a single argument, but your solution should pass all arguments and the context this.

افتح sandbox بالإختبارات.

The solution:

function delay(f, ms) {

  return function() {
    setTimeout(() => f.apply(this, arguments), ms);
  };

}

let f1000 = delay(alert, 1000);

f1000("test"); // shows "test" after 1000ms

Please note how an arrow function is used here. As we know, arrow functions do not have own this and arguments, so f.apply(this, arguments) takes this and arguments from the wrapper.

If we pass a regular function, setTimeout would call it without arguments and this=window (assuming we’re in the browser).

We still can pass the right this by using an intermediate variable, but that’s a little bit more cumbersome:

function delay(f, ms) {

  return function(...args) {
    let savedThis = this; // store this into an intermediate variable
    setTimeout(function() {
      f.apply(savedThis, args); // use it here
    }, ms);
  };

}

افتح الحل الإختبارات في sandbox.